Saturday, 7 February 2015

Write a short note on Allama Iqbal

Allama iqbal was the great poet and philosopher who, perhaps more than any other single person apart from M.A Jinnah, was responsible for the state of Pakistan.

He was a brilliant scholar, studying philosophy and law in England, and then in Germany. Back in India, he practiced law, and became the greatest Urdu poet of his age. Later, his poetry became a way of putting forward his religious and political ideas _much of this poetry was written in perstan, so that it would be widely understood through out the Muslim world.

As early as 1910, iqbal thought that the Muslim world should be united. His poems pointed to the glories of Islam in the past, and the miserable state it was in at the time. He called for reforms, and said that to be a good Muslim was not just to sit thinking and meditating about religion, but to be active and do something positive about it.

He jointed the Muslim league in 1927, when it had only 1330 members. As chairman of the annual meeting at Allahabad in 1930, he put forward his dream of an independent and liberal Islamic state comprising the NWFP, Punjab, Sind, and Baluchistan when the british left the subcontinent. This Allahabad statement was the seed form which the present state of Pakistan grew. At the same time, other Muslim leaders were also trying to work out how some kind of agreement with Hindus could be reached, to form a single nation. Iqbal realized that this would always be dominated by the Hindus, which would be a disaster for Muslims. He had no idea, of course, that his dream of the Muslim state would become a reality in 17 years, and it is sad that he did not live to see it.

Till his death in 1938, he was in close contact with Mr. Jinnah, advising him on many issues. Allama iqbal died in Lahore and is buried in the precincts of the badshahi mosque.

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